A Bible concordance is an alphabetical list of the main words used in a particular translation of the Bible, along with their immediate contexts (i.e. the passages in which they appear). Concordances using numbering systems will also include a number that coordinates with a Hebrew or Greek glossary in the back of the concordance. The glossaries in the back include brief definitions of Hebrew and Greek words - there are other reference tools that will provide much more information for each term (included in Step 3).
Use the list below to find an appropriate concordance (or more than one). All of the ones listed include either Strong's numbers or G/K numbers, and have glossaries in the back. Once you've selected a concordance, go on to Step 2.
|Bible Translation||Title||Call Number||Numbering System|
|KJV||Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible||Reference BS425 .N385 1981||Strong's|
|KJV||New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible||Reference BS425 .S8 1995||Strong's|
|KJV||New Strong's Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible||Reference BS425 .S8 2010||Strong's|
|NAS||NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible||Reference BS425 .N385 1981||Strong's|
|NAS||Strongest NASB Exhaustive Concordance||Reference BS425 .N27 2004||Strong's|
|NIV||Strongest NIV Exhaustive Concordance||Reference BS425 .G62 2004||G/K|
|NIV||Zondervan NIV Exhaustive Concordance*||Reference BS425 .G62 1999||G/K|
* This concordance has a conversion chart in the back that allows you to look up Strong's numbers in order to find the corresponding G/K number (and vice versa).
Look Up Terms & Synonyms
Once you have your concordance (or concordances), look up the term of interest (i.e. 'compassion'). Be sure to also look up any synonyms you can think of (i.e. 'mercy'), as well as any word variations (i.e. 'compassionate,' 'merciful,' etc.).
Select the Most Representative Scripture Passages
While you look up your terms in the concordance, write down the scripture citations that are most representative of your concept.
Find the Most Appropriate Strong’s & G/K Numbers
In the concordance, you will see a list of Scripture passages, beginning with the Old Testament, which contains the term (usually bolded). You should also see a number included with each passage. You will use this number to find the Hebrew or Greek word that is used in the particular verse. For the more common terms, you will notice that there isn't just one Hebrew or Greek term used. You should look up all the numbers listed in the concordance glossary to be thorough – many of the terms will be similar, but will perhaps have different nuances or emphases. You may not need to consider every single word that's used – look for those terms that are used most frequently and correspond most closely to your understanding of the word. Make a list of all the different numbers given for the Old Testament passages, and another list of all the different numbers given for the New Testament passages. Use the conversion table in the Zondervan NIV Exhaustive Concordance (see concordances in Step 1) to get both the Strong's and the G/K number for each term.
Find the Transliteration for Each Hebrew and Greek Word
Look up the numbers in the Hebrew (Old Testament passages) and Greek (New Testament passages) glossaries/dictionaries in the back of the concordance. If there is an English transliteration listed, write this down next to the corresponding number (i.e. χάρίς would be transliterated as 'charis').
A table, like the one below, can help you organize all the information:
Now you're ready to look up your terms in the word study resources located in the Barbour Library reference collection. Go on to Step 3.
After completing steps one and two, you should have a list of Strong's and/or G/K numbers that represent the various Hebrew and Greek words used for your term, as well as some transliterated terms. You have also gotten at least a basic understanding of the word definitions. Use the following resources to research your term(s) in more depth:
Old Testament Resources
|Title||Call Number||Arrangement & Usage|
|New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis (NIDOTTE)||Reference BS440 .N438 1997 vs. 1-5||
|Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT)||Reference PJ4835 .G5 T5E vs.1-15||
|Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament||Reference BS440 .T4813 1997 vs. 1-3||
|Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)||Reference BS440 .T49 vs. 11-2||
New Testament Resources
|Title||Call Number||Arrangement & Usage|
|New International Dictionary of New Testament Theological & Exegesis (NIDNTTE)||Reference BS2312 .N48 2014 vs.1-5||
|New Linguistic and Exegetical Key to the Greek New Testament||Reference BS1965.2 1998||
|Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (TDNT)||
Reference PA881 .K62E 1985 (abridged volume)
Reference PA881 .K62E 1964 vs. 1-10 (unabridged set)
While the following sites include many older reference resources (in the public domain), they also include many useful Bible searching features, and cross-referencing with Strong's numbers and resources included in Step 3.